St Mary's CE Foundation



Teachers use the DfE approved Phonics Bug scheme supported by Letters and Sounds resources to ensure consistent phonics teaching and learning. Planned coverage is as follows:

 EYFS – phase 1 (revision), phase 2, phase 3 & Phase 4

 Year 1 –phases 4 (revision) & phase 5

 Year 2 – phase 5 (revision) & phase 6


What is phonics?

Phonics is a way of teaching children to read quickly and skilfully. They are taught how to: Recognise the phonemes (unit of sound) that each individual letter makes, identify the phonemes that different combinations of letters make such as ‘sh’ or ‘oo’ (diagraphs) and blend these sounds together with other phonemes from left to right to make a word. Children can then use this knowledge to ‘de-code’ new words that they hear or see. This is the first important step in learning to read.

Why phonics?

Research shows that when phonics is taught in a structured way – starting with the easiest sounds and progressing through to the most complex – it is the most effective way of teaching young children to read. Almost all children who receive good teaching of phonics will learn the skills they need to tackle new words. They can then go on to read any kind of text fluently and confidently, and to read for enjoyment.


Phonics Bug and Bug Club books can be used in school and at home to promote this phonics learning. Phonics Bug books are phonically decodable and are designed to practise the phonics skills children are learning in school. Bug Club books are for further practise and enjoyment. Special features of eBooks include a phoneme pronunciation guide, model reading, rewards and a quiz question to reinforce phonic skills.


Expectations for the End of Reception

Most children can say a phoneme (unit of sound) for at least 1 spelling of the 40+ sounds of English and find a grapheme (written representation) for most of these phonemes in addition children will learn how to form these letters correctly. Through blending phonemes children will be able to read simple words i.e tip, chop, song, shed, lost, spot, pocket, spoon and storm. Children will be expected to spell simple words by segmenting the spoken word and finally read and write the most common irregular (tricky) words i.e was I to you all.


Expectations for the End of Year 1

Most children can say a phoneme for common graphemes and write the common graphemes for phonemes. Children read words with common correspondences by blending phonemes and also read and spell common words with unusual correspondences i.e you they one could and people. It is expected that children can choose correct grapheme alternatives for spelling some words i.e play snail cake. Finally they need to identify and read non-words for assessment i.e rin as in ‘bin’ dest as in ‘rest’ and pafe as in ‘safe’.


Children in year 1 will undertake a phonics screening test. The phonics screening check is a quick and easy check of your child’s phonics knowledge. It helps our school confirm whether your child has made the expected progress.


Children can access Bug club and Phonics Bug books using the internet at home. For an optimum experience using Bug Club they recommend using Internet Explorer 9+, Chrome or Firefox as your browser. Access to your childs Bug Club account can be found at,uk

School ID: vybf

Ask your class teacher for your child’s username and password (these are case sensitive).